Xi'an Jiaotong University
XJTU is a key university which is directly administered by the Chinese Education Ministry and is one of the oldest current institutions of higher education in China. The predecessor of XJTU was Nanyang College, which was founded in 1896 in Shanghai and renamed Jiaotong University in 1921. In 1956, the main body of Jiaotong University was moved to Xi'an according to the decision issued by the State Council, and was formally named Xi'an Jiaotong University in 1959, which was listed as a national key university. Xi'an Jiaotong University, as one of the first universities entering the seventh and eighth five-plan, as well as China's "211 Project" and “985 Project”, is selected to be developed into a global first-class university. In April 2000, approved by the State Council, the original Xi'an Medical University and original Shaanxi Institute of Finance and Economics were integrated into Xi'an Jiaotong University.
Currently Xi'an Jiaotong University is a comprehensive research university with scientific focus. It is composed of 10 branches of learning, namely: science, engineering, medicine, economics, management, literature, law, philosophy, education and art. The university, currently, consists of 28 full-time colleges and schools, 8 schools for undergraduates and 12 affiliated teaching hospitals. XJTU boasts a high-level staff of 5,696, including 3,006 full-time teachers, among which are 1,800 professors and associated professors. XJTU has 29 academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Chinese Academy of Engineering, of which 17 are doubled-hired academicians. There are 6 national-level teachers, 57 Changjiang Scholars, 35 Outstanding Young Investigator Award laureates, 20 national experts with outstanding contribution to the country, 41 nation-level candidates of the National Talents Project, and the 21st Century National Talents Project, 19 leaders of the Program for Changjiang Scholars and Innovative Research Team, 234 personnel of 21st Century Excellent Talents Training Plan proposed by the Ministry of Education, and 535 experts who have made outstanding contributions and enjoy special governmental allowances.
XJTU has a current enrollment of 32,200 full-time students, including over 15,744 masters and doctoral candidates. The university offers 83 undergraduate majors. It consists of 28 disciplines and 154 sub-disciplines authorized to confer PhD degrees and 45 disciplines and 242 sub-disciplines authorized to confer Master Degrees, and 22 centers to confer professional degrees. Among these, there are 8 nation-level key disciplines, 8 nation-level key sub-disciplines, 3 nation-level key sub-discipline pilot sites. In addition, 27 disciplines and 155 sub-disciplines are recognized as key disciplines at the provincial and ministerial level. It has 25 research facilities for post-doctoral students, 5 national key laboratories, 4 national engineering research centers and 64 key research centers and laboratories at the provincial and ministerial level.
During its more than 120 year history, Xi'an Jiaotong University has forged a set of principles to which it has remained true: devotion to learning makes the country stronger; creation grows out of hard work; honor rectitude and respect truth; learn teaching rigorously and the character of loving China and the university and bearing in mind where one's happiness comes from. The university also insists on the school-operational characteristic of having “a high staring point, a profound foundation, strict requirements and focusing on practice,” which continually carves out and innovates and diligently trains people. Among XJTU's outstanding alumni are Cai E, Huang Yanpei, Shao Lizi, Li Shutong, Ling Hongxun, Zou Taofen, Lu Dingyi, Hou Shaoqiu, Qian Xuesen, Wang An, Tian Binggeng, and Jiang Zemin. Over 200 XJTU alumni, including Mao Yisheng, Wu Youxun, Zhu Wuhua, Zhang Guangdou, Zhang Wei and Wu Wenjun, all of whom have been honored with membership in the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering. Since moving to Xi'an over 60 years ago, XJTU has educated a large group of talented individuals in many fields, its graduates having achieved distinction in all walks of life.
Research in science and technology at XJTU is directed primarily at meeting the nation's most important needs, forging into international frontiers, contributing to autonomous creation and accelerate industrial application. To this end, XJTU is continually strengthening its capacity to innovate while seeking to raise its level of competitiveness. Since 2000, faculty members and researchers from XJTU have headed 21 projects under the 973 Program. In the same period, university scientists and engineers have had 3,438 projects approved by the National Natural Science Fund. Its total number of basic research projects and grants places XJTU in the front rank among Chinese universities. Since 2000, the university has been awarded 45 national science and technology prizes as the first author. To produce these results, the university relies on its strength in key disciplines and on its unique educational model, with its emphasis on the integration of production, study and research. In addition, it has, in cooperation with the government and with large and mid-sized enterprises, established research and development parks whose aim is to help solve the key technological problems facing industry and to strengthen the contributions of science and technology to the regional economy and of local social development.